This project consists of 3 main components:
- the Microhomie sensor (hardware and software)
- the MQTT server (selfhosted or you can use a service, see below)
- the homie -> IOTA gateway (selfhosted)
First, take a look at this awesome architectural drawing:
This guide will take care of the purple ESP32 / Microhomie device with the requried hardware and software.
Install the MicroPython¶
For now, follow this tutorial (https://www.cnx-software.com/2017/10/16/esp32-micropython-tutorials/) to install MicroPython on the ESP. Please remember to use the latest version of the ESP software during the installation.
On some boards, the installation of MicroPython will fail with an “connection timeout” if you have any wires attached to the board. This depends on your board and you have to detach all wires except power for the basic installation to work. This is only relevant for the installation of MicroPython and not Microhomie.
Once the installation is successful and you are able to execute python code on the ESP32, you can install Microhomie.
Microhomie is split in two parts, the base package and a node package with additional functions. We require the DHT22 node from the node package for this tutorial.
We provide some example nodes in the https://github.com/microhomie/micropython-homie-nodes repository. Most of these nodes can be used out of the box to publish data.
The base package and the node package can be installed via PyPi or manual. As of the time of this writing, the PyPi way of installing is prefered.
Setup WIFI for installation¶
Microhomie handles WIFI setup for you, but for installation from PyPi you have to manual setup WIFI once from REPL.
>>> import network >>> wlan = network.WLAN(network.STA_IF) >>> wlan.active(True) >>> wlan.connect('wifi-name', 'wifi-secret') # wait a few seconds >>> wlan.isconnected() # test if wlan is connected True >>> wlan.ifconfig() # get wlan interface config ('192.168.42.2', '255.255.255.0', '192.168.42.1', '192.168.42.1')
Microhomie use a
settings.py file to configure the device. See
settings.example.py as an example. Modify this file for your needs and copy it to your device root directory as
Install with PyPi¶
We provide PyPi packages for easier installation on your device. Open the REPL from your device, make sure your device wlan is up and your device has access to the internet, import upip and install microhomie:
>>> import upip >>> upip.install('microhomie')
Add files specific for your device¶
You now have Micropython adn Microhomie installed. The stage is set!
Please copy a new main.py file on the device:
import utime import settings from homie.node.dht22 import DHT22 from homie import HomieDevice # Homie device setup homie_device = HomieDevice(settings) homie_device.add_node(DHT22(interval=60, pin=2)) homie_device.publish_properties() while True: # Push the new data to MQTT homie_device.publish_data() # Sleep a little bit utime.sleep(1)
You need the following hardware:
- ESP32 NodeMCU (Amazon referral link de: http://amzn.to/2En655Q / en: http://amzn.to/2GUmdKz)
- 10 k Ohm resistor
- DHT22 (Amazon referral link de: http://amzn.to/2FU84f4 / en: http://amzn.to/2FUg0wY)
You don’t have to get the stuff on Amazon. Other places are cheaper, Amazon is just easier and for general reference.
Wire it all up:
The final result will look something like this. This includes the DHT22 for temperature and humidity AND the SDS011 for airquality which is not part of this quickstart but can be added later on as you can see:
Checkout mosquitto MQTT Server (https://mosquitto.org/) if you want to host a server yourself or head over to IO Adafruit(https://io.adafruit.com/), createn an account and use their MQTT API(https://learn.adafruit.com/adafruit-io/mqtt-api).
If everything is setup correctly, the data will then be pushed to the MQTT server in the homie format. Take a look at the homie documentation(https://github.com/marvinroger/homie) to get an idea of the possibilities.
homie/686f6d6965/temperature/$type → temperature homie/686f6d6965/temperature/$name → Bedroom Temperature Node homie/686f6d6965/temperature/$properties → degrees homie/686f6d6965/temperature/degrees/$settable → false homie/686f6d6965/temperature/degrees/$unit → C homie/686f6d6965/temperature/degrees/$datatype → float homie/686f6d6965/temperature/degrees/$name → Bedroom Temperature homie/686f6d6965/temperature/degrees/$format → -20.0:60 homie/686f6d6965/temperature/degrees → 12.07 homie/686f6d6965/humidity/$type → humidity homie/686f6d6965/humidity/$name → Bedroom Humidity Node homie/686f6d6965/humidity/$properties → percentage homie/686f6d6965/humidity/percentage/$settable → false homie/686f6d6965/humidity/percentage/$unit → % homie/686f6d6965/humidity/percentage/$datatype → integer homie/686f6d6965/humidity/percentage/$name → Bedroom Humidity homie/686f6d6965/humidity/percentage/$format → 0:100 homie/686f6d6965/humidity/percentage → 79
You can chose from multiple Apps for Android / iOS / Desktop to display the sensor data. You have to subscribe to the topics you are interested in, for example homie/686f6d6965/humidity/percentage and homie/686f6d6965/temperature/degrees.